Panmunjom DMZ JSA
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Oct. 1950

13 countries from Asia and Arab submit Armistice plans and committee billed to bring truce to the Korean War and it was adopted.

1. Immediate stop of war
2. Measures for permanent peace after war
3. Withdrawal of foreign forces at an adequate time
4. Inspection of the ROK Government during peace time
5. Cooperation between the US and the Soviet Union for solving conflicts in East Asia
*Due to opposition from the Soviet Union and the Chinese Forces concerning these issues, the initial attempt for an armistice agreement came to a failure.
May 1951

- After the takeover of Seoul (16 Mar 1951) the US government and the Department
..of Defense officially mentioned a cease-fire
- President Truman announced the statement of a cease-fire after considering
..opinions from the UN
- President Lee Seung Man was opposed to a cease-fire

Jun 1951
- The UN Delegate of the Soviet Union also proposes an armistice
- President Lee Seung Man and the Korean Parliament disagreed an armistice being
..occurred at the 38th Parallel
Jul 1951
- After revision from both sides (the UN and the Communist), a pre-meeting was held
- 10 Jul 1951, the first Armistice Conference was held in Gaesung
*Whereas the UN was focusing on armistice and rehabilitation after the war, the communist side was focusing on the withdrawal issue of all foreign armies out of Korea, military demarcating at the 38th Parallel and mostly on political issues.
Oct 1951

- As the UN suggested on different meeting location, the Soviet Union proposes
- After meetings between liaison officers near the area, Panmunjom becomes the new
..location for the conference.
* The actual name for Panmunjom is "Neomoonli" but with intent to express it in the Chinese language, it was named Panmunjom.

Nov 1951
At the joint commission, the delegates of both sides agreed to set the current line (the 38th Parallel) as the MDL and put an end to war. As a result of this agreement, Gaesung and part of Jangdan Field was included into the communist area.
Dec 1951
Problems mentioned relating the release of POWs
UN : Release of all POWs from both sides
Communist : Exchange all POWs from both sides
-->If the POWs were to be repatriated freely, the communist was worried that they would all surrender to the UN side, so the communist insisted on exchanging all POWS from both sides.
Dec 1952
The UN passed the bill relating the solution of POW issue (54 agreed, 5 disagreed)
* The headlines
- Neutral Nations Supervision Committee for Repatriation of POWs has been consisted
..of delegates from 4 countries (Czech Rep, Sweden, Swiss, Poland)
- Prohibition of rejecting release of POWs or any actions against POWs’ will
- All POWs should be taken to the DMZ and handed over to the commission
- POWs who reject exchange would be discussed after 90 days of the armistice
May 1953
The results of the exchange
- UN received : 784 POWs
- The North received : 663 POWs
Jul 1953
The Commander-in-Chief, the United Nations Command, the Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army, Kim Il Sung, and the Commander of the Chinese People's volunteers signed on the Military Armistice Agreement for the Korean War.