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Aggression of the DPRK Armed Forces

The DPRK Armed Forces crosses the South Korean border on 04:00am, 25 JUN 1950. The Korean War began near the WoongJin peninsula and extended to the east side of 38th Parallel. Alongside the breakout of the war, the DPRK sweeps the ROK Forces in their way and captures Seoul in 3 days. The DPRK Armed Forces seizes control over the war situation.

Participation of United Nations Command Forces (UNC Forces) in the Korean War

The United States convened the UN Security Council on 26 Jun 1950 and they prescribed the armed attack of the DPRK Armed Forces as a destructive act against peace. The UN Security Council adopted the resolution that encourages UN members to provide assistances to South Korea in preparation for the armed attack from the DPRK Forces and restore the world peace and security in the Korean peninsula. Afterwards, intervention of the US troops is approved.

The Incheon Landing Operation

After the ROK and UNC Forces retreated back to the NakDong River defense line in a month, the UNC Forces conducted the Incheon Landing Operation commanded by Gen McArthur and entered Seoul on 15 Sep 1950.? After full recapture of Seoul, the ROK and the UNC Forces advance northward and capture the 38th Parallel, WonSan, and PyeongYang. It seemed unification the desire of the whole nation would come true.

Communist Chinese Forces (following CCF) intervention

CCF started aggression to stop the ROK and the UNC Forces from taking the oppression and advancing northward. Because of their intervention, the DPRK Forces and the CCF came to prolong the war.

Retreat of the ROK and UNC Forces in 4 JAN 1951

With the support from the CCF, the DPRK Forces advanced southward pass the 38th Parallel. It was the cause of bringing many dispersed families in the Korean peninsula.

The proposal of cease-fire and the armistice talk

Malik, the Soviet Union Ambassador to the UN, called for armistice talks by a speech at the UN on 23 Jun 1951. Communist China and North Korea wanted to end the war and expressed themselves for armistice talks and the US also made their positive position clear. So forth, the Armistice talks convened in GaeSeong on Jul 1951. Before the actual signing of the Armistice Agreement, there were still many fierce battles with intent to occupy more territories near the 38th Parallel.

Armistice Talks at the Panmunjom

As the UNC Commander proposed that both sides have the Armistice Talks in the middle of their war zone, Panmunjom was determined to be the place for the talks. US intended to weaken the speaking power of the enemy by drawing them into the ROK and UNC Forces area of jurisdiction, but that eventually became the reason for the ROK and the UNC Forces to lose the GaeSeong area.

Signing of the Armistice Agreement (27 Jul 1953)

Excluding South Korea, the actual participant in the Korean War concerned, the UNC, the DPRK Forces and the CCF signed the armistice agreement. Hereby, the war which had continued for 37 months came to an end. However, South Korea and North Korea still confronts each other till this day.